The 20th Meeting of the ASEAN Automotive Federation Technical Committee 3 for four wheelers – Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAF/TC3-JAMA) – co-hosted by JAMA and the Vietnam Automobile Manufacturers Association (VAMA), was held in Danang, Vietnam from 26-28 February 2014. Targeting at harmonizing technical regulations related to four wheelers in the ASEAN region, the Meeting was first established in 2002 under the initiatives of the ASEAN Automotive Federation (AAF) Council and JAMA to promote the harmonization of technical regulations and mutual recognitions of type-approvals in the ASEAN region.

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Brief Report of The 20th
AAF/TC3-JAMA Meeting, Danang



Looking at the 4 areas of harmonization today, the Danang meeting included dialogue sessions on WG1 (Environment and Fuel), WG2 (Certification), WG3 (UNECE Regulations Adoption and Safety), and ASEAN MRA (Mutual Recognition of Arrangements). In these sessions, each AAF/TC3 member association reports the latest updates of regulations concerning emission, fuels, safety and type-approval in the ASEAN region from Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. These sessions identified unique regulations that may contribute to Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), and the members deliberated ways to resolve it. They also consolidated recommendations from the industry stance to enhance technical harmonization that can be presented to concerned authorities or regional bodies in Southeast Asia. As part of an effort to consolidate a fuller industry stance on the ASEAN MRA, this meeting invited representatives from the 2 wheelers as well, notably the chairman of AAF/TC 5 (ASEAN Automotive Federation Technical Committee for 2 wheelers) and his committee members. Some of the major outcomes were:

On Environment and Fuel regulations (WG1)
In view of implementing higher emission regulations from Euro 4 level onwards, and with rising demand of biofuels blending in the region and call for appropriate fuels specification that accommodate such blending, JAMA fuel experts submitted the revised Bio-fuel specifications for Euro 4 and Euro 5 fuels specifications, as per the tables below, to AAF/TC3 in the 19th AAF/TC3-JAMA Meeting (Penang, Malaysia) last year. These specifications have been considered and agreed by AAF/TC3 members. Furthermore, the Meeting also endorsed these specifications as recommended fuels specifications to ASEAN Member States (AMSs).

Table 1 to 4 below reveals the Euro 4 and Euro 5 specifications for both gasoline and diesel, with accommodation of bioethanol of up to E10 (blending of 10% ethanol and 90% gasoline) and biodiesel of up to B5 (blending of 5% Fatty Acid Methyl Ester/FAME and 95% diesel), along with their required new testing requirements to ensure vehicle safety performance and lower emissions. Till this day, most automakers and the AAF/TC3-JAMA members are only comfortable to accept the maximum blend of E10 and B5 – the equivalent to conventional gasoline and diesel respectively. Nonetheless, due to Europe’s experience in B7, JAMA fuel experts recommend that B7 can only be accepted with market fuel quality regulated by the specifications in Table 3 or 4 corresponding to Euro 4 or 5 level emission standards. Notably, the items in red fonts such as oxidation stability and sulfur content are imperative.

On Certification (WG2)
In view of the recent discrepancies between the vehicle categories in UN regulation and national vehicle registration rule on double cab pick-up in Malaysia, AAF/TC3 members are advised to confirm if such issues exist in their national vehicle registration requirements. Also, the Meeting agreed that the definition of vehicle categories in national vehicle registration rules and type approval regulations should be harmonized. Although the Meeting recognized that the harmonization of the definitions of the vehicle categories in national vehicle registration rules and type approval regulations may take a longer time in certain countries, the Meeting encouraged each AMS to begin discussions to work towards this direction.

The regulators of each AMS is currently deliberating the ASEAN MRA (Mutual Recognition of Arrangement) on vehicle parts in the ASEAN Consultative Committee Standard and Quality-Automotive Product Working Group (ACCSQ-APWG), where the AAF/TC3 and AAF/TC5 are participating as industry representatives of this region. The MRA targets to be established in 2015, and once established, may save automakers, assemblers and dealers who are trading parts in this region from re-testing and re-homologation. Since assigned by the APWG to draft the ASEAN MRA Guideline, the AAF has also sought JAMA’s opinions with regards to the approaches in making this draft. During the Danang meeting, JAMA certification and regulation experts submitted an initial format with reference taken from the 1958 Agreement Guideline for the AAF/TC3 members’ consideration.

Next AAF/TC3-JAMA Meeting
Participants generally expressed that they have benefited from this one-stop exchange of regulatory information pertaining to automotive products in this region, and they look forward to the next AAF/TC3-JAMA Meeting, which is expected to be held in August in Japan.




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