One of the most important auto-industry technical forums in Southeast Asia between ASEAN and Japan auto-industry regulatory experts, the 27th AAF/TC3 (ASEAN Automotive Federation Technical Committee 3 for four wheelers) - Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association (JAMA) Meeting, was held in Hanoi, Vietnam on 21-22 September 2017.

Formed in 2002 to enhance automotive trade by promoting the harmonization of technical regulations and certification system of automotive products in the ASEAN region, the 27th AAF/TC3-JAMA Meeting is an ASEAN regional industry consultative meeting with JAMA.

A Report on the 27th AAF/TC3-JAMA Meeting, Hanoi

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The meeting results will be recommended to respective authorities, such as the ACCSQ-APWG and the JASIC Forum for South East Asia.

The meeting was preceded by the 2nd AAF/TC3 & TC5-JAMA Special Workshop, a review of Technical Guidelines of the ASEAN MRA on Automotive Products, held on 20 September 2017.

This special workshop covered the subject of technical harmonization. Based on the concept of Mutual Recognition of Approvals (MRA) under the United Nations’ 1958 Agreement, technical harmonization recognizes that an automotive product that has been granted approval by a Contracting Party (CP) will be accepted by other CPs without the need for re-testing – tested once, accepted everywhere.

To ensure that approvals are accepted with confidence, each CP must adopt regulations that comply with the technical requirements of the United Nations Regulations (UN-Rs), annexed to the Agreement. At present, Malaysia and Thailand have already acceded to the 1958 Agreement, while other ASEAN Member States are considering or working towards becoming a CP.

However, to facilitate smooth trade between ASEAN Member States, the ASEAN has completed its own ASEAN Mutual Recognition Arrangement (ASEAN MRA) for Automotive Products. The ASEAN MRA, with technical regulations based on the UN-Rs, is expected to be signed by ASEAN Economic Ministers (AEM) in the near future.

In brief, here are the highlights of the 3-day Meeting:

The 2nd AAF-TC3/TC5-JAMA Special Workshop on ASEAN MRA

The AAF/TC3 representative reported the latest outcome of the ASEAN Consultative Committee on Standard & Quality-Automotive Product Working Group (ACCSQ-APWG) Meeting and its Task Force Meeting on the ASEAN MRA on 8-11 May 2017.

The regulators of each AMS are currently deliberating the ASEAN MRA. Singapore is still consulting with relevant Ministries and agencies on the scope of the MRA.

The Guidance Documents (Booklet and FAQ) on the ASEAN MRA of Type Approval for Automotive Products were brought out by JAMA’s experts and discussed. A recommendation was made for members to share AAF’s comments on the Guidance Document with their respective governments. Comments must be sent to APWG for further discussion in the Task Force of MRA meeting, back-to-back with the 26th APWG Meeting.

An agreement was also made to propose a common format of test report on each UN Regulation and a common type approval procedure (screening procedure on flow diagram mentioned in drafted Technical Guideline).

The 27th AAF/TC3-JAMA Meeting

The 27th AAF/TC3-JAMA Meeting was divided into three Working Groups, namely WG1, 2 and 3; and a special session - Industry Forum of South East Asia for Automotive Sector (ISEA).

The function of each group in brief: WG1 (Environment and Fuel), discuss automotive regulations that are related to environment and fuels, such as emission and noise regulations, and fuel specifications that include alternative fuels; WG2 (Certification) discuss homologation issues, WG3 (UN Regulations Adoption and Safety), discuss automotive regulations related to safety; the objective of ISEA is to convene an industry meeting prior to the JASIC Forum1 to discuss ways in which the industry can work together with the government towards the harmonization of technical regulations and accession to the United Nation’s 1958 Agreement.

On Environment and Fuel regulations (WG1)

Members updated the current status and future plans of each AAF member country’s emission, fuel, noise and recycling regulations. Under the fuel session, JAMA shared the ASEAN fuel quality test report, which was conducted in December 2016. The survey shows that sulphur content for Diesel Fuel in Indonesia was high and exceeds the Euro2 requirement. It was also noted that Density exceeds AAF recommendation in all countries except Thailand and Cambodia. JAMA also discussed Euro6 recommendations for both Gasoline and Diesel fuels and reiterate its position that the allowable blend is up to E10 and B7.

On Certification (WG2)

Members shared and discussed the current status of adopting the definitions of “Vehicle Type” based on UN Regulations, and incorporating ASEAN MRA into national type approval system. Members raised the concern that some ASEAN members have their own definition of “Vehicle Type,” which may affect their applications to their national type approval and future implementation of UN Regulations.

An agreement was made to propose AAF’s concerns and stance on the APWG meeting that UNR Regulations should be implemented as national regulations based on UN Regulations. JAMA shared its experiences and proposed its future approach.

UN-R Adoption and Safety (WG3)

Malaysia and Thailand provided updates on their respective governments’ UN Regulations adoption plan, other National Regulation movements were also updated by Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore and Vietnam.

Indonesia highlighted that in the new draft of the Presidential Regulation for Electric Vehicles, fossil-fuel vehicle sales are to be discontinued by 2040. Details will be announced in future. The VIN requirements and regulations of members were also summarized in the WG3 session.

JAMA shared the latest update from the 172nd WP29 meeting and activities. Members acknowledged the amendment of UNRs related to ASEAN MRA. Other topics, such as the 3rd Revision of 1958 Agreement will be effective from 14 September 2017, the Q&A documents and Guideline document will also be adopted at the next WP29 in November 2017. The new GTR priority list of 1998 Agreement which mainly includes new technology, such as Automated Emergency Braking (AEB), Automated Vehicles, Electric Vehicle (EV) and more will be finalized at the next WP29; the IWVTA (UNR0), AECS (e-call, only device and system requirements) and ISO fix anchorages (split from UNR14-07) will be adopted at next WP29.

Special session – The 3rd Industry Forum of South East Asia for Automotive Sector (ISEA)

The 3rd ISEA meeting was agreed upon in order to obtain an industrial consensus on the integrated approach and the application of ASEAN MRA norms, and to submit it as the industry comment to the next JASIC South East Asia Forum that will be held on 22 November in the Philippines.

Venue and schedule of next meeting
The 3rd AAF/TC3 & TC5 – JAMA Special Work Shop and 28th AAF/TC3-JAMA Meeting are schedule to be on first quarter of 2018, in Indonesia.

1 JASIC Forum: JASIC (Japan Automobile Standards Internationalization Center) has been organizing the JASIC Public and Private Joint Forum in the Asian Region over the last few decades, in order to involve more Asian Countries in making a uniform system of regulations for vehicle design, which facilitates the international trade under the 1958 Agreement of the United Nations World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP29).


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