JAMA members achieve further reductions in average CO2 emissions for the year 2003
Official EU data shows that JAMA members have decreased the average specific CO2 emissions of passenger cars (petrol and diesel) registered in the EU in 2003 by about 2 g CO2/km, to 172g CO2/km down from 174 g CO2/km in 2002. This means that JAMA met the 2003 intermediate target of 165 - 175 g CO2/km. The data shows that petrol-fuelled cars emissions dropped from 172 g CO2/km to 170 g CO2/km in 2003, or a 1% decrease on 2002 levels. For diesel-fuelled cars, emissions dropped by 1.7% to 177 g CO2/km, down from 180 g CO2/km in 2002.
The outcome of the intermediate review of the JAMA Commitment on CO2 emission reduction from passenger cars is good news for JAMA members who are on track to achieve the ultimate target of 140 g CO2/km by 2009.
Taking the reference year into account (1995), average specific CO2 emissions of petrol-fuelled cars recorded a decrease from 191 g CO2/km in 1995 to 170 g CO2/km in 2003 an 11% reduction. The average specific CO2 emission levels of diesel cars recorded a decrease from 239 g CO2/km in 1995 to 173 g CO2/km in 2003 a 27.6% reduction.
These positive results have been possible thanks to the efforts made by JAMA members in the Research and Development field. JAMA members have made considerable efforts since 1995 to make successive technological improvements available to the market. The main new technologies include the petrol and diesel direct injection engines, as well as the Continuous Variable Transmission Technology (CVT). JAMA members have also introduced hybrid cars in 2002 and idle stop mechanism in 1999.
Trends in low emission passenger cars sales also show very positive results: JAMA released the first ‘120 g CO2/km or less’ car on the EU market in 1999, followed by a 119 g CO2/km car and a 80 g CO2/km petrol hybrid car in 2000 and a 104 g CO2/km petrol-hybrid car in 2003. In 2003, 74,679 JAMA cars with emissions of 120 g CO2/km or less were registered in the EU, or a 92.5% increase on 1999 registrations.
The positive impact of an increasing sale of low emitting passenger car is shown in the graph below which illustrates the changes in the JAMA fleet composition based on CO2 performance. It clearly shows a shift to CO2 efficient technologies, with the largest percentage (>25%) falling in the 141-160 g CO2/km in 2003, whereas in 1995 the largest percentage (>30%) was in the 181-200 g CO2/km bracket.
It should be noted that the success in reducing CO2 emissions from passenger cars has been achieved despite the implementation of new EU regulatory measures that have an indirect impact on the CO2 performance of vehicles. For example, the entry into force and implementation of the End of Life Vehicle (ELV) Directive has forced manufacturers to make changes to some of the light weight materials used with a view to phase out substance prohibited under the ELV Directive that are contained in such materials. This inevitably increases the weight of vehicles and has adverse implications on fuel economy (and therefore CO2 performances).
JAMA achieved the intermediate target one year earlier than originally expected. While the 2009 target remains extremely ambitious for JAMA, the 2003 monitoring report shows that JAMA is in line with its 2009 Commitment and, in the present circumstances, JAMA has no reason to believe that JAMA would not live up to its Commitment.
 It should be noted that JAMA data show the average figure for 2003 is 171 g CO2/km (petrol + diesel), or a 1.7% reduction on 2002 results. This represents a 1g deviation between official EU data and JAMA data.
 As recognised in the EU Commission Recommendation of