Japan
Automobile
Manufacturers
Association, Inc.

Issue No. 1, 2009

JAMA comments on the European Parliament's endorsement of the Regulation on CO2 emissions from cars

CO2brochureThe EU's proposed legislation on CO2 emissions from passenger cars was approved by the European Parliament on 17 December 2008 by an overwhelming majority of 559 votes in favour.

The revised terms of the regulatory text mandate that CO2 emissions are to be restricted to 130 g/km for new cars sold in the EU on the following progressive basis: for 65% of new cars in 2012, 75% in 2013, 80% in 2014, and 100% in 2015.

As regards the penalties to be imposed on carmakers exceeding the aforementioned limits, manufacturers will be fined, from 2012 through 2018, €5 for the first excess gram of CO2, €15 for the second gram, €25 for the third gram, and €95 from the fourth gram onwards.  As of 2019, all manufacturers will have to pay €95 for each gram exceeding the target.

Provision is also made for emission credits, which are to be awarded to individual manufacturers for the equipment of vehicles with eco-innovations but are not to exceed an average 7 g/km cap at the fleet level.

The regulatory text furthermore foresees a long-term average CO2 emissions target of 95 g/km for the new car fleet, effective as of 2020.  This remains a matter of concern to JAMA members.  In light of uncertainty in regard to technical, economic and social factors, JAMA maintains that discussions on a 2020 target should be preceded by a full impact assessment study, and looks forward to contributing to the development of an appropriate long-term target when the European Commission begins its review of CO2 legislation in 2013.

JAMA shares ACEA's opinion that long-term CO2 reduction will be best achieved by means of the "integrated approach" which calls for the participation of all relevant stakeholders in road-transport CO2 reduction efforts, through the adoption of measures that include increased vehicle fuel efficiency, traffic demand management, infrastructure development and ecodriving, among others.

JAMA members also wish to highlight Japan's experience of applying the so-called sectoral approach, which addresses climate change and CO2 reduction by promoting optimal energy use within each industrial sector and setting industry-specific targets.  In order to achieve significant reductions in road-transport CO2 emissions worldwide, the global road transport sector must share individual countries' best practices in this regard, so that the practices deemed most suitable for the particular conditions in any given country can then be implemented.

A recent JAMA study determined that the sectoral implementation of the measures prescribed by the integrated approach, together with the accelerated replacement of vehicle fleets, could lead to a steady, significant decline in global road transport CO2 emissions from 2025 onwards.  For details, see our new brochure Reducing CO2 Emissions in the Global Road Transport Sector, available at: www.jama-english.jp/publications/2008_CO2_RoadTransport.pdf.

Both JAMA and the Japanese government are vigorously promoting this sector-based approach through activities in various international forums.